Approximate Jewish Partisan activity marked in yellow.
Belgium

Many Jewish partisans were active in Bulgaria, as there was relatively little antisemitism in the country. While many thousands of Jews participated in Belgian resistance groups, their exact numbers and roles are unknown. Belgium's Jewish partisans formed an active and armed resistance of their own, and were joined by their non-Jewish countrymen. Some Belgian Jews were spurred into armed resistance by the extensive nighttime raid on the Jewish quarter of Brussels in September of 1942.

Belgian Jewish Communist and Zionist groups and the Front d'independence (representing various Belgium organizations) formed the Jewish Defense Committee, or CDJ in July 1942. They began their activities in September 1942. From 1942 to 1944, the CDJ played a critical role in rescue and resistance.

Through their efforts, Belgian citizens hid 4,000 Jewish children and many Jewish adults. The CDJ provided payment to their protectors to ensure Jews would find a haven while the Nazis controlled Belgium.

The most important act of resistance occurred on the night of April 19-20, 1943, when they derailed a train from the Mechelen camp on its way to Auschwitz. This is only time we know of that an armed assault was made anywhere in Europe to stop a train transporting Jews on their way to be murdered.

Find out who the partisans were and how they fought the Nazis. Go to the Films section to view the film that compliments this study guide.

Not a study guide at all, but a document for communities wanting to acknowledge the intenet of Holoucast Rememberacne Day as it was started in Israel, in 1951. Includes a brief history and reading.

Learn how the partisans fought hunger and survived the harsh winter cold. How did they survive? Go to the Films section to view the film that compliments this study guide.

Learn how a determined Ben helped initially free 600 Jews from a Nazi work camp. Go to the Films section to view the film that compliments this study guide.

Find out how a woman partisan earns one of the Soviet Unions highest honors. Go to the Films section to view the film that compliments this study guide.

Meet Frank, a determined fighter who escaped the ghettos and valiantly fought against his oppressors. Go to the Films section to view the film that compliments this study guide.

Many Jews suffered from antisemtism in the partisans, even though they were fighting a common enemy. Read this study guide to learn about the role antisemitism played in and out of the partisan units and how it differed from region to region.