Simon Trakinski
photogallery
Simon Trakinski activity map
Partisan activity marked in yellow as indicated by Simon Trakinski
Simon Trakinski was born in Vilna, Lithuania, in 1925. Like many others, his family fled to the east when the war began in 1939. They sought refuge in the Russian village of Smorgon When the Germans invaded Russia in 1941. Smorgon was occupied and all Jews were forced into the ghetto.

Simon heard about the activities of the partisans from escaped Soviet POWs. When his family left the Smorgon ghetto to return to Vilna, he and his friends carried guns with them. In Vilna, they joined up with the United Partisans Organization and took part in the failed uprising in the Vilna ghetto.
 
Simon Trakinski    Photo 1
Simon Trakinski, Lintz Austria
When the ghetto was closed in 1943, Simon and his group escaped, but were forced to leave their families behind. They initially fought with the Jewish Markov Brigade, led by a Russian. The Markov Brigade was engaged in a struggle against rival partisan groups, like the anti-Semitic Armia Krajowa, over control of the territory around Vilna. But when Markovís camp was blockaded by the Germans, Simon was forced to escape and join another group. He worked as a spy and a saboteur in liaison with a partisan unit established by the regular Russian army, gathering information about troop and supply movements, mining roads, and blowing up bridges.
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