Allen Small
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In December 1942, the soldiers opened the gates of the ghetto in the Polish town of Ivie to deport the town’s remaining Jews to concentration camps. The Jews were told they would be sent to labor camps, but fourteen-year-old Allen Small had seen what the Germans did to his parents; he knew something much worse was in store. When it seemed like the guards weren't looking, Allen dashed out of the crowd and through the gates of his home town. Bullets flew past him; one pierced the sleeve of his jacket. But he just kept running until he was well out of sight.

Before the war, Allen lived with his parents and sisters in Ivie, a small town 73 miles west of Minsk. In the summer of 1941, the German army occupied Ivie and massacred 220 of its most
 
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influential Jewish men – including Allen’s father, a businessman. Nine months later, the Germans returned for more. As the soldiers and their collaborators neared, Allen’s mother insisted that Allen hide in the attic, telling him all the while, “you must survive!” The soldiers left without finding him, but the rest of his family was not so fortunate. His mother, grandmother, and two sisters perished on that day – along with 2,500 other Jews.

Allen stayed on the run for months, moving from town to town to evade the Nazis and anti-Semitic Poles hunting Jewish escapees. Mistaking him for a brigand, a Russian partisan unit eventually captured him. Luckily, a family friend vouched
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