Partisan activity marked in yellow as indicated by Harry Burger
Harry Burger was born on May 10th, 1924 in Vienna, Austria. The Burger family was affluent and lived a comfortable life until 1938, when Germany annexed Austria and the German Nuremberg laws were put into effect there. Harry’s family escaped into France, hoping to flee German rule, but their plans were dashed when France was conquered by Germany in 1940. Harry’s father was arrested and sent to Auschwitz. Meanwhile, Harry and his mother were moved to a makeshift ghetto in Nice, France. Their one stroke of luck was that the Italian army, which was not abusive to Jews, occupied Nice. When the Italians left France, Harry, his mother and 700
other Jews followed them into Italy. When they arrived at an Italian fort, Harry learned the Nazis were enroute to collect the Jews. Harry and his mother escaped capture, while more than 350 of the others were taken by the Nazis.
Harry and his mother were living in a barn on the Italian-
French border when he was approached by a group of Italian
soldiers. Harry asked if he could join them. On the spot, the soldier issued Harry a rifle. In this fashion, he became a partisan in the First Alpine Division, where he used his fluency in German to interrogate captured soldiers.